Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER
Assistant Prof. in Department of Islamic Education, Faculty of Hazrat Masoume Qom, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author)
PhD Student in Department of Women Studies, Faculty of Woman and Family, Religions and Denominations University, Qom, Iran
BA in Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Studies, Kwara State Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Kwara, Nigeria, and PhD Student in Bintul-Hoda Institute of Higher Education, Al-Mustafa International University, Tehran, Iran
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES: This article is to explain Machiavelli's view on the criterion of moral action and its evaluation based on the anthropological foundations of Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi.
METHOD AND FINDING: The method of this article is descriptive-analytical and the findings of this article are: Machiavelli is a power-oriented philosopher who presented his moral opinions in the form of his political views. He believes that any kind of behavior and action can be used to achieve the goal of human power; But Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi believes, to determine the standard of goodness and ugliness of human actions, one must first gain a correct understanding of man, his existential dimensions, his happiness and misery, his perfection and ultimate goal.
CONCLUSION: Machiavelli considers the main goal of life to be human power and considers human actions moral if they enable humans to achieve material power. From his viewpoint, power has inherent value and man can use any means to acquire it. On the other hand, Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi believes in acquiring spiritual and moral life. He believes that the goal does not justifies the means, and to attaining the human power strength, you cannot use any behavior and action to achieve the goals.
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