The Notion of “Light” Interpreted in "The Niche of the Lights" of Al-Ghazali

Document Type: Pajoheshi


1 PhD Candidate of French Language and Literature in Shahid Beheshti University

2 Faculty Member at Tolou-e Mehr Institute of Higher Education and PhD from University Sains Malaysia



Since the revelation of the Holy Qur'an to the Prophet Mohammad, Muslim thinkers have been interested in the interpretation of the 35th verse of the Surah "Light". From Fārābi, Avicenna and Sohrawardi to contemporary Islamic scholars, the structure, content and symbolism of this verse, reputed by the title of the verse of the Light, have been studied and commented on several methods. Imam Abu Hamed Mohammad Al-Ghazali (1058-1111), the Great Iranian Master of jurisprudence, theology, ethics, philosophy, logic and gnostic has written a very concise essay on this subject, in order to answer the question of a disciple who asks him to interpret this qur'anic verse. This book, written in Arabic, is called "Mishkat-al-Anwar", which means "The Niche of the lights". In this article, we will faithfully follow the approach taken by Al-Ghazali, this famous Muslim thinker, who was born in Iranian region of Khorasan at the time of the Seljukide dynasty, to explain the qur'anic notion of the Light.


Main Subjects

DOR: 20.1001.1.26767619.2021.

  1. The Holy Quran.
  2. AL-Ghazali, Mohammad (1981). Le Tabernacle des Lumières, The Tabernacle of the Lights, Meshkat ol-Anwar. Translation from Arabic in French. Introduction and Notes by Roger Deladriere. Paris: Publisher Seuil.
  3. AL-Ghazali, Mohammad (1924). Mishkât Al-Anwar, The Niche for Lights.  Translation and Introduction by William Henry Temple Gairdner. First Published as Monograph Vol. London: XIX by the Royal Asiatic Society:
  4. Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali (2007). The Quran Dictionary. Paris: Publisher Bouquins-Robert Laffont.
  5. Farid, Jabre (1970). Essay on the lexicon of Al-Ghazali. Beirut: Publications of the Lebanese University.
  6. The Website on the Life and Works of Imam Al-Ghazali: