Document Type : Specialized Article
Professor in Department of Law, University of Oran, Es Senia, Algeria
It is always an ambitious and arduous task to try to deal with an area which combines religion and technology. Since the dawn of the Internet, people from different cultures and geographies have used cyberspace to communicate. The Internet, a "faceless and technologically constructed space", has helped desecrate the modern world. Also, it is certain today that the Internet has become a tool used to promote the kingdom of God. The challenge is not unique to a religion. Not only secular communities have flourished on the Internet but also religious entities and have done so for decades. In fact, the first online forum devoted to discussions of religion dates back to 1983 (the Usenet group net.religion), only thirteen years after the birth of electronic mail. To learn more about Islam and support devotees on their faith journeys, sites have sprung up to provide educational resources for visitors. Usually, they learn the Quran, the body of hadiths, the rules of Islam, its history and many other issues related to this religion individually. At the same time, a space is created among the faithful for forums for discussion and dialogue. Thanks to the development of the interactive Internet, new sectors have emerged: online fatwas, religious education and Q&A on daily life. We can therefore hear “new ulamas”.